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Issue 6

The Future of Glaucoma: Perspectives for Optometry
John Flanagan, OD, PhD, DSc (hon), FCOptom, FAAO

Evaluating Glaucoma Progression
Murray Fingeret, OD

Learning Objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  • Describe the pathophysiology of glaucoma and new imaging techniques and biomarkers of disease.

  • Describe the latest advances in pharmacological and surgical treatments to manage glaucoma and the future goals of treatment.

  • Monitor glaucoma patients and glaucoma suspects more effectively.

  • Analyze OCT and VFT results more accurately.


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Issue 5

Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma: An Update for Optometrists
Ambika Hoguet, MD

Secondary Open-angle Glaucoma Detection and Management
Daniel K. Roberts, OD, PhD

Learning Objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  • Diagnose and classify angle closure, angle closure suspect, and PACG.

  • Provide better care to patients at risk for angle closure.

  • Review key clinical features of common types of secondary open-angle glaucoma.

  • Improve detection of secondary open-angle glaucoma based on history and clinical examination.


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Issue 4

New Trends in Medical Treatment of Glaucoma
Paul Karpecki, OD, FAAO

Caring for Patients Who Undergo Glaucoma Surgery 
Scott G. Hauswirth, OD, FAAO

Learning Objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  • Analyze the need for new drugs and technologies for medical management of glaucoma.

  • Examine the mechanisms of action of IOP-lowering agents used to treat glaucoma in order to provide the most appropriate therapy. 

  • Assess professional readiness to participate in perisurgical glaucoma care.

  • Offer pre-referral counsel to glaucoma patients.


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Issue 3

Normal Tension Glaucoma
Murray Fingeret, OD, FAAO

Visual Field Testing for Glaucoma
Leo Semes, OD, FAAO

Learning Objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  • Differentiate normal tension from high tension glaucoma.

  • Conduct an appropriate workup to diagnose normal tension glaucoma.

  • Identify early glaucomatous damage on visual field based on established guideline for minimal glaucomatous defect.

  • Properly stage glaucoma using the AGS severity scale.


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Issue 2

Current Medical Treatment of Glaucoma
Bruce E. Onofrey, RPH, OD, FAAO

Improving Adherence to Glaucoma Medications
Baharak Asefzadeh, OD, MS, FAAO

Learning Objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  • Select appropriate medical therapy for the individual patient by evaluating both the efficacy and safety of glaucoma drugs.

  • Identify ocular perfusion pressure as a risk factor for glaucoma progression.

  • Identify barriers to medication adherence among their patients.

  • Take steps to reduce nonadherence among glaucoma patients in their practices.


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Issue 1

Who Has Glaucoma? Definitions and Diagnosis
Steven L. Mansberger, MD, MPH

Aqueous Humor Dynamics: What IOP Means for the Clinician
John J. McSoley, OD

Learning Objectives:

Upon completion of this activity, participants will be able to:

  • Define glaucoma and common subtypes.

  • Discuss the role of IOP in glaucoma diagnosis.

  • Delineate the relationship between aqueous humor dynamics, IOP, and glaucoma.

  • Identify individual IOP reduction needs in glaucoma patients.